The same holds true of traditional rules of dress and behavior. It is therefore not sufficient to be pious without performing deeds which demonstrate one's beliefs. An important Hadith (saying) of the Prophet is that religion is not what one formally or ritualistically practices but how one deals with others. Islam differentiates between Muslims and non-Muslims and between the "People of the Book" (dhimmi) and others. They, like men, were worthy of dignity and respect. On protecting the dignity and self-respect of women, for example, the Qur'an is emphatic and unequivocal: One of the seven hudud crimes is maligning a woman's reputation. Introduction Of Veil: Before the introduction of Islam there was no proper system of veil (veil) in society. This was without a reason which necessitated contact, and without the need in society for such mixing. © 2018 Middle East Institute All Rights Reserved | Accessibility Policy | Built by Social Driver. Shawwal In time, of course, social barriers will disappear—as they are disappearing now—because Muslim women will expect and demand it. The notions of brotherhood and solidarity not only impose upon the community the duty to care for' its members, but also require each person to use his initiative to carry out individual and social responsibilities according to his ability. After the capitalist system was implemented in the Muslims countries and they were ruled by the disbelieving colonialists and then by their agents who followed their direction blindly, the minority was able to influence and bring most people in the cities, and some of the inhabitants of the villages, to proceed along the path they had taken. They called people to hold on to morals, without comprehending that the basis is the Islamic 'Aqeedah and that the criterion is the Shari'ah rules. Allah is advising us that our worship is incomplete without helping deeds. If we look deeply into the global crises, it will come out of hidden text that these are numberless. The social system of Islam enjoins the people to establish a strong relationship in which one can depend upon the other for help. A view inside the ninth-century Karaouine Mosque, Fez, Morocco. theory of social choice. It as well, sees it as axiomatic that honour should be protected and it is one of the issues that is not open to discussion or debate, an issue for the defence of which wealth and lives should be sacrificed willingly and with zeal, without any excuses. 8.2.3 The Islamic Social System Solves the Problems of Parenthood; 8.2.4 The Effect of Society on Your Child; 8.2.5 Rights and Duties of the Parent and the Child; 8.2.6 Your Life as a Parent in the Islamic State; 8.3 The Islamic Social System. They rushed headlong in the pursuit of transference and imitation until the call for woman's revival dressed with licentiousness (Ibahiyyah) and indifference to the characterisation of morally reprehensible behaviour. The social aspect in the West was taken as the ideal model and western society was taken as a benchmark (Miqyas) without considering the fact that western society does not care about extra-marital sex and does not see in it any shame, defamation or breach of the correct and acceptable behaviour, nor any violation or threat to morality. So they started to transfer from and imitate western culture until the Islamic character was erased from many quarters of Muslims cities. As Islam became a world religion and its influence spread the character of Arab society changed, requiring that women take a larger role in society. The Islamic Economic System is the system which outlines how to gain wealth, invest it, spend and distribute it justly and also how to achieve financial equality among the people. God and Muhammad were at the very top, God being the first and foremost. 2 1.3.1 Responsibilities To Society . It was natural for a group from amongst the Muslims to rise up and struggle against these thoughts. Late jurists (Fuqaha) ascribed five (types) of 'Awrah to women: 'Awrah in prayer, 'Awrah when in the presence of male Mahrams, 'Awrah when in the presence of foreign (non Mahram) men, 'Awrah when amongst other Muslim women and 'Awrah amongst non-muslim women. The Prophet once said, "If someone among you sees wrong he must right it by his hand if he can (deed, conduct, action). 1. It was inevitable that a great number of people from the Muslims countries would set about to fight these ideas. Thus, trade between men and women pertains to the systems of society and not to the social system, because it falls within the economic system. Other calendars in use at the time were tied to other states and religions, and so, the historian al-Biruni tells us, the caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab decided to develop a new calendar based on the advent of Islam, taking July 16, 622 A.D., the date of the Hijrah or the Prophet's sojourn from Mecca to Madina, as the starting point of the calendar of the Muslim era. Their understanding became far removed from the reality of Islam due to their alienation from its thoughts and rules. Ra's al-Sannah, New Year's Festival, falls on the first day of the month of Muharram. Sha'ban 1763 N St. NW, Washington D.C. 20036. Peoples' conception, especially the Muslims, of the social system in Islam became extremely confused. If he cannot, then by his tongue (speak up, verbally oppose); if he cannot, then by his gaze (silent expression of disapproval); and if he cannot, then in his heart. The Prophet set an example for the treatment of women in marriage through his relationship with his first wife Khadijah. In judicial matters the oath of the Muslim prevails over that of the non-Muslim. (Aramco World Magazine, January-February 1998; photo Kevin Bubriski). The status of women under Islam also altered as a consequence of the spread of the religion itself. A man was once brought to the Prophet for trial because he denied the existence of God. Thus, these attempts continued to appear in these and similar guises. The Prophet's Hadith. Most of the South Asian Muslims were recruited from the Hindu population; despite the egalitarian tenets of Islam, the Muslim converts persisted in their Hindu social habits. For social workers in the Muslim world, authentization of social work implied the integration of Islamic religious knowledge with current practice theories. It is difficult to appreciate the different aspects of Islamic polity without fully understanding these three I will therefore begin with a brief exposition of what they are. However, none of them could succeed in finding a solution, or come with a system or find a method to implement what they conceived as reform (Islah). They accepted interest (Maslaha), as perceived by the mind, as a basis for study and as a criterion for judging ideas and matters. They did this without noticing that Muslims society fundamentally disagrees with it and completely contradicts it. They also called for the preservation of customs and traditions. Although a husband has the right to divorce his wife unilaterally—a right not shared by women—a wife can divorce her husband on specific legal grounds by court order. And that what is required is the treatment of this meeting and the resultant relationship and that which branches out from it. Indeed, because Islam makes distinctions between men and women; not all rights and privileges available to men are available to women. The perception of many people, especially the Muslims, of the social system in Islam became The man was set free. This is because the Islamic society considers the extra-marital relationship as one of the grave sins (Kaba'ir) for which there is severe punishment; either flogging or stoning to death. The need to unite the family and to ensure its happiness was felt by all Muslims, and the search for a solution to this serious problem occupied the minds of many people. Lailat al Isra' wa al-Mi'raj, this festival commemorates the Prophet's miraculous journey, from Mecca to Jerusalem to heaven and then back to Mecca in the same night, is celebrated on the 27th day of the month of Rajab. There are 11 leap years in every cycle of 30 years, the intercalated day always being added to the last day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month of the year. Tweet. The Prophet's Hadith. 'Id al-Fitr, also known as the Little Feast, marks the end of the great fast of Ramadan. political system of Islam is based on three principles: Tawhid(unity of Allah), Risalat(Prophethood) and Khilafat(vicegerency). To the Shia, for example; Fatimah is an authoritative source of the Prophet's sayings and deeds. No one strategy could claim to solve them, but’ to pave way for further solution to the problem. Besides, the word 'social' is a description of a system, thus the subject matter of this system should be the organisation of the problems arising from the meeting (of people) or the relationships that arise from people meeting together. An Islamic financial system plays the same role, but is governed by additional rules designed to help a society establish social justice and eliminate financial exploitation. On the contrary what resulted from it was moral degeneration, such as women displaying their charms and adornment to people other than their husbands or mahram men. Therefore, we must study the Islamic social system comprehensively. Above all, Islam seeks to inculcate within every Muslim the need to seek justice and to apply it to himself as well as to others. This is a new and revised translation of a talk given by the author on Radio Pakistan, Lahore, on 10th February, 1948. Only Muslims have the right to elect the khalifa. Rabi' al-Thani Qur'an 2:177, "Whosoever of you sees an evil action, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart—and that is the weakest of faith." She played an important role in the life of the early community, most famously by opposing the succession of Ali after the death of Uthman, the third khalifa. Thus, this meeting (Ijtima') befits more to be designated as the social system, because in reality it is this system which organises the meeting between men and women, and the relationships which arise from such meetings. Dhu al-Hijjah. Rabi' al-Awwal The Prophet replied, "Is it not enough that he acknowledged the existence of God to want to kill him?." Many people overstep the mark and apply the term 'social system' to all systems of life. It is therefore not sufficient to be pious without performing deeds which demonstrate one's beliefs. Unlike the Gregorian calendar and others based on the astronomical solar year—the length of time it takes for the earth to revolve around the sun—the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar year. View socialsystemofislam-190426034552.pdf from AA 11 Contents 1.1 Introduction to Society . The Prophet remarked that of the two, the merchant was indeed the more worthy. It was feared that the Muslim household would lose its Islamic character, and the Muslim family would lose the guidance of the thoughts of Islam, and stray from valuing its rules and thoughts. The preservation of a social order depends on each and every member of that society freely adhering to the same moral principles and practices. It is reported that the Prophet once entered a mosque and saw at prayer a venerable old man with a long white beard. The following holidays are observed among Muslim communities throughout the world: The meeting of people is not considered, what is noted is only the relationships (‘Alaqat). Thus, the victory of western culture over us was comprehensive - encompassing all sectors of life amongst which was the social aspect. Moreover, although women and men are subject to the same religious obligations—such as prayer, fasting, pilgrimage to Mecca—women pray separately from men. Ramadan Unfortunately our … Tibetan Muslim sisters in the doorway of their home in Lhasa. Rajab Islam greatly preaches on every platform “All Muslims are brother to one another”. Collective morality is expressed in the Qur'an in such terms as equality, justice, fairness, brotherhood, mercy, compassion, solidarity, and … We must study it deeply until it is realised that the problem is the meeting between the man and the woman and the relationship that results from their meeting and that which branches out from this relationship. By no means shall ye attain righteousness unless ye give (freely) of that which ye love; and whatever ye give, of a truth God knoweth it well. Jumada al-Thani They are most definitely obliged to restrict their living solely to this lifestyle as Allah (swt) has commanded in the Qur'an and Sunnah irrespective of whether it contradicts with the West or disagrees with the customs and traditions of their own fathers and forefathers. No longer were women denied a human face. The Prophet's Hadith. It is reported that a man went to Umar, the second khalifa, to talk to him. The Islamic Economic System is established on the foundation of justice and providing the needs of the people to save them from poverty and need. Nor was the fact that it is not possible for any community of the Islamic Ummah, in any country, to adopt this culture and remain part of the Islamic Ummah or to continue to be described as a Muslim community. He was told that the man was in the mosque all day long, worshipping and dispensing the words of Allah to others. Many social changes took place under Islam between 610 and 661, including the period of Muhammad 's mission and the rule of his four immediate successors who established the Rashidun Caliphate. As a result of this they called for the mixing of men and women even when a need did not exist, and they called for women to reveal their charms (Tabarruj) and beauty (Zeena), and for women to take up positions of ruling. Oman Library at the Middle East Institute, Sectarianism without Borders: Copts and Genocide Recognition, Nadia el-Fani: a soldier of secularism fights on. The last is the minimum expression of his conviction (faith, courage).". Khadijah was, in fact, Muhammad's first convert to Islam and his strongest supporter in the struggle to establish the new faith. The lunar calendar is comprised of 12 lunar months like the calendar based on the solar year. Social structure in a Muslim society and its impact on women's status 1. Although fifteen years his elder, Muhammad remained a faithful and devoted husband for twenty-six years, contrary to the tradition of polygamy which prevailed at the time in Arabia. Islamic economy is not a separate study but rather a part of the general Islamic system of organizing different aspects of life in the society. Individual Responsibility. So a group or rather groups were formed which called for the obligation of protecting Muslim women and safeguarding the virtues in society. These rules and guiding principles are termed "Shariah" and includes a number of unique and distinctive characteristics not found in conventional financial systems. The results of all this has been the break up of the social aspect, unrest within the Muslim family, the prevalence of dissatisfaction and discontent amongst family members, and numerous disputes and divisions between its individuals. Changes were made to the school system with regards to the mixing of boys and girls. God giveth thee glad tidings of a word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to God;... Noted for her education and intelligence, in particular her ability to read and write, she was often consulted about the teachings of the Prophet after his death. Male kin cannot handle a woman 5 financial interests without her permission. The foundations of the social system of Islam, rest on the belief that all human beings are equal and constitute one single fraternity. Individual responsibility is a cornerstone of Islam. Social Work Profession, since its theoretical and practical inception, has always focused on the emancipation of poor, needy, underprivileged and marginalised sections of the society in terms of making them able to come forward and voice their needs. The Islamic Social System. Social structure in the Islamic Empire was less strict than other empires', such as the Medieval Europeans', but it was still there. For example, a male Muslim inherits twice the share of the female, but then a male relative has the financial responsibility to care for a needy female relative. First, and most importantly, it overturned tradition by according women equal status before Allah. After her death Muhammad remarried, but he always remembered Khadijah with love and spoke of her with reverence. It should be understood that this solution is not dictated by the mind but by the Shar’a. The equality of all Muslims is emphasized repeatedly throughout the Qur'an. Social and individual justice are evolving concepts which depend largely upon a variety of external considerations. Yes, they witnessed this and consequently believed that Muslim women should stand alongside men in society and meet with them, regardless of the consequences. Therefore, they called for securing the personal freedom of Muslim woman and granting her the right to do whatever she wished. This led them to discuss and debate over the means of treatment, avoiding the study of its reality, until as a consequence of their attempts anxiety and confusion increased. Such are the people of truth, the God-fearing. 2 1.3 RESPONSIBILITIES. The following equation can be used to calculate the Hijrah year in which the corresponding Gregorian year began: The Islamic calendar was devised in the seventh century in response to the exigencies of governing the far-flung Abbasid empire. Safar Islam, founded on individual and collective morality and responsibility, introduced a social revolution in the context in which it was first revealed. Societies may erect barriers, but nothing in the spirit of the Qur'an subjugates women to men. In fact it is incumbent on believers to fulfill this duty of service to those who need their help. There has always been much confusion among people in the West as to the roles that men and women play in life. They also noticed that the material forms were manifested in western woman and she manifested them, so they imitated her or tried to imitate her without realising that these forms agreed with the western culture, its concepts about life, and its depiction of life which contradict with the culture of Islam, its concepts about life, and its depiction of life. Due to this, the society in Muslims countries continued to oscillate between two notions: imitation (Taqleed) and rigid narrow mindedness (Jumud). Some appear inequitable on the surface but on examination reveal a deeper logic and reasonableness. They were completely ignorant of the thoughts and rules of Islam, which relate to the meeting of the man and the woman. The man said that it was, and Umar extinguished the candle so as not burn public funds for a private purpose. In one of the Prophet's Hadiths it is stated that a person could do such evil during his lifetime that there might be between him and the doors to hell only one step and then he could repent and ask for God's forgiveness and do one good deed and enter heaven. Indeed, in a society shaped by the rigors of desert life, women were relegated to the margins of community life. This contact between the sexes was made for the sake of socialising and merely for the enjoyment of personal freedom. It is the quest that is prescribed by the Qur'an for every Muslim. Every Muslim is the recipient, guardian, and executor of God's will on earth; his responsibilities are all encompassing. Even so the mercy of God is infinite. Several women—notably Fatimah, daughter of the Prophet Muhammad and wife of Ali, the fourth caliph—even played important roles in the propagation of the faith. Providing a comprehensive view of Islam and Muslims to cultivate peace, promote universal values, and dialogue among civilizations since 1995 Thus, all of this served to distance people away from the Shari'ah rules and obscure the aspect of social system in the minds of the Muslims. As for the cause of this confusion, and deviation from the correct understanding, it is attributable to the crushing onslaught of Western culture. She stood between on one side women who were anxious and confused, taking from western society without understanding it and without being aware of its reality, or knowing the contradiction that existed between it and the Islamic culture; and narrow minded women who did not benefit themselves, nor did their presence benefit the Muslims on the other side. See Article History Islamic caste, any of the units of social stratification that developed among Muslims in India and Pakistan as a result of the proximity of Hindu culture. Qur'an 16:90, "What did the Prophet do when in his house? Qur'an 49:13, "Jahimah came to the Prophet, said 'O Messenger of Allah! The meaning of the Hadith is to emphasize that, even though a person may do good throughout his life, he should never be absolutely certain that the good he has done all along is sufficient to carry him through; he should not forget that one bad deed could overcome all the good ones. There are therefore some differences between males and females in Islam, between Muslims and Dhimmis, and Muslims and non-Dhimmis. Others went far to the other extreme taking the view that women do not have the right to practise trade or meet with men under any circumstances, and viewed the whole of the woman's body as 'Awrah including the hands and face. Nonetheless, these rules of dress and behavior—however restrictive they may appear to Western eyes—serve a social function. By the same token, a person may during his life do so much good as to be one step removed from heaven and then do one evil deed that would be sufficient to earn him hell. The parties should either hold Together on equitable terms, Or separate with kindness. However, the fact that there is not absolute parity in all rights and privileges does not mean that women do not share an overall equality with men. Because of the Muslim's belief in accountability in the hereafter, his oath is valid evidence in any judicial or extra-judicial process. As for the prohibition of (Khalwa) seclusion between men and women, or when a woman has the right to instigate divorce for herself, or who has the right of custody for a child, all of these issues pertain to the social system. Qur'an 3:92. An Introduction to the Islamic Social System Nothing has received more vilification from commentators and writers then the issue of Islam’s view on women. As a result of this new status and the revolution it worked on Arab society—women became pillars of early Muslim society and were counted among its strongest supporters. In social conception, Islam is ‘communal’; it encourages social life and collective efforts to maintain the essence of society. Islam: A Total Way of Life Islam is a “total way of life.” It has provided guidance in every sphere of life, from individual cleanliness, rules of trade, to the structure and politics of the society. Social System of Islam Islamic system portrays a true reflection of just and moral system and advocates the principle of equality applied to all regardless of their faith. Therefore, the social system is defined as: the system which organises the meeting between men and women and organises the relationship which results from their meeting and all that branches out from this relationship. Thus, the application of the term 'social system' to all of these relationships is meaningless and inapplicable. As a result, it can only be expected that women will play an increasingly larger role in Islamic society and surpass the contributions of early Muslim women. Social concept of Islam aims at the development of an individual and hence the development of whole Muslim community. The evil effect that this faction of imitators who embarked on applying such ideas had was that the relationship between a man and a woman became solely restricted to a male-female relationship. The Islamic calendar is unique among the major calendars of the world. Islam: Brief introduction. A Muslim is accountable for what he does and what he fails to do in accordance with not only the letter but also the spirit of the law. 2. They gave the Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) about his (pbuh) shaking the hands of woman in the Bay’a, his Ahadith about the 'Awrah of women and his (pbuh) societal transactions (Mu’amalat) with women, interpretations that agreed with what they intended for women and not what was required by the Hukm Shar'i. We have created you male and female and have made you nations and tribes that ye may know one another. Due to this extremism there was degeneration of morals and a stagnation of thinking (Tafkeer). The difference in the length of the lunar year accounts for some of the difficulty in converting dates from the Islamic (Hijri or "Hijrah") system to the Gregorian and vice versa. (Aramco World Magazine, July-August 1994; photo Nik Wheeler). The inconceivability of the Islamic Ummah taking from western culture was not apparent to them. Many Muslims attempted to transfer western culture without understanding it, like the one who copies a book restricting Himself just to the writing of words and letters. It is frequently argued that Islam is not a religion that provides for full equity among Muslims. Each member of a society must fulfill his own obligations and rely on others to fulfill theirs before that society can acquire the necessary reservoir of social rights and privileges which can then be shared by all. It was nighttime, and a candle burned on Umar's desk. They did this without the slightest consideration for what these forms manifested in her and by her, and what they entailed in terms of issues. Behold! Leaders are responsible for the application of these principles and are accountable to God and man for their administration. Thereafter custody reverts to the father, provided that he is fit. So they stood between her and life until they thought that some verses had come to address men to the exclusion of women. She said, 'He served his wife." Their souls like the souls of men were precious to Allah. All of this was due to a failure in studying Islam intellectually and not understanding the Islamic social system. It requires the strength to change what can be changed and the fortitude to accept what cannot. A woman must specifically consent to marriage and cannot be forced to accept a husband she does not approve of. For that reason, too, men are enjoined to lower their eyes before women and to be appropriately covered from above the chest to the knees. 'Id al-Adha, the Feast of Sacrifice, also known as the Great Feast, falls seventy days after 'Id al-Fitr, on the 10th of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah. In an Islamic society, one has to respect the rights of others and conduct good duties towards each other. Lo! Gradual implementation is Haram, 15 Islam forbids ruling by a police state, 15.1 Islam forbids harming the Muslims and spying on them, 15.2 Obedience to the Muslim ruler who governs with Islam is compulsory, 15.4 Accounting the rulers is Fard upon the Muslims, 15.5 The ruler who displays flagrant Kufr must be fought against, 16 Establishing political parties is Fard Kifayah, 17 The guarantee of the implementation of Islam, 2 The Account records of the Treasury - (Dawawin), 3 The Divisions of the Treasury's Account books, 5 Al-Anfal and the Spoils of War, Al-Fai' and the fifth, 7 Standards of Lengths, Areas, Measures And Weights, 10 State property, Land, Buildings, Utilities and their revenues, 12 Illicit money from the rulers or civil servants money, 1 Part One : The Khilafah is the Vital Issue, 1.1 The Vital Issue - the measure of life and death, 1.3 Establishing the Khilafah and the rule by what Allah (swt) has revealed is the vital issue for the Muslims, 2 Part Two : The Khilafah is an Obligation, 2.1 The Re-establishment of the Khilafah is an obligation upon all Muslims, 2.2 The Time Limit given to Muslims to Establish a Khaleefah, 2.3 The Khilafah System and its Obligations, 3.1 The Mind is not a source of legislation, 3.3 The method to re-establish the Khilafah requires Ijtihad, 4.4 The Promise of the Khilafah leading to non-action, 5.1 The establishment of Political Parties, 5.3 The Prophets’ methodology for establishing the Islamic State, 5.4 The first stage of the Da’awah: The Stage of Culturing (Dawr al-Tathqeef), 5.5 The Second Stage of the Da’awah: The Interaction Stage (Dawr al-Tafa’ul), 5.7 The Third stage of the Da’awah: The Stage of Ruling, 5.8 Implementing Islam and carrying the Islamic Da’awah, 6.3 The Warm Call of Members of Hizb ut-Tahrir in Britain. 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